World Y-DNA frequencies

Neohumanid mutative history

Y- Population tree

  • E1b1b (M215) The northern portion of the E1b1 (P2) population to expand out of the Ethiopian Plateau
    • E1b1b (M35.1) This population moved to the Northern Nile Valley beginning a rapid expansion towards the Mediterranean, the common marker of Afro-Asiatic expansion
      • E1b1b (V68) This population initially covered the Coasts between the Nile Delta & Tunisia.  Isolated Sardinian remains of this lineage survive representing the non M78 minority
        • E1b1b (M78) This lineage had the advantage of evolving in the Nile Delta, favoring its expansion over other extinct/minor V68 lineages
          • E1b1b (V12) Marker of a Proto-Cushitic population that established itself in East Africa
            • E1b1b (V12*) Clusters representing remains of Proto-Cushitic expansion in North Africa, Arabian Plate, Anatolia & Europe
            • E1b1b (M224) Possibly the remains of a Proto-Cushitic lineage that reached Yemen in the Neolithic, but was reduced by the expansion of J (P58)
            • E1b1b  (V32) The Cushitic diagnostic marker, very dominant in the Horn Africa & replaced E1b1 (P2) as the dominant lineage of the Ethiopian Plateau
          • E1b1b (V13) The only neolithic African population to establish itself in Eurasia, mainly in the Balkans, later as a primary Greek component 
            • E1b1b (L17) An Iberian young lineage
            • E1b1b (L143) An English young lineage
          • E1b1b (V22) Another lineage to expand out of Egypt.  Found in various ethnic groups with a peaking frequency in Sudan & Egypt
            • E1b1b (M148) Found in India & Bangladesh
            • E1b1b (V19) Found in Sardinia
          • E1b1b (V65) Marker of the Ancient Libyan tribes, marker of medieval expansion into Morocco joining Banu Hilal tribes once they reached Libya
      • E1b1b (Z827) A parallel Mesolithic expansion of Egypt, that is differentiated by being a slightly later arrival from Ethiopia or a later emergence of an M35.1* lineage already in Egypt
        • E1b1b (V257) A neolithic lineage that expanded as far South as Kenya & North as Sardinia
          • E1b1b  (M81) Proto-Berber marker
            • E1b1b  (M183) The Berber diagnostic marker, a predominant lineage in Northwest Africa, expanded into Iberia in multiple historic events
            • E1b1b (M107) A reduced Proto-Berber lineage in Mali
        • E1b1b (Z830)  The East African branch of Z827
          • E1b1b (M123) The most important neolithic African lineage to establish itself in the Near East
            • E1b1b (M34) The oriental branch of E1b1b that played an important role forming Proto-Semitic, by interacting with Arabia bound J (P58) in Asia
              • E1b1b (M84) The most dominant lineage in M34
          • E1b1b (M293) Neolithic marker of Pastoralism from the Horn of Africa to South Africa
          • E1b1b (V42) An M123 lineage found amongst Ethiopian Jews
      • E1b1b (V6) A local M35.1 populations that stayed back in Ethiopia
      • E1b1b (V92) A local M35.1 population that stayed back in Ethiopia
    • E1b1b (V16) A local M215 population that remained in Ethiopia