World Y-DNA frequencies

Neohumanid mutative history

Y- Population tree

  • I (M170) The diagnostic marker of Cro-Magnon expansion in Paleolithic Europe
    • I (M253) Represents an early expansion Europids in Paleolithic Northern Europe
      • I (S438) This lineage was able to repopulate Northern Europe in the early Mesolithic
        • I (M227) Expanded on the East Bank of the Vistula river and south to the Balkans
          • I (M72) Representing a small minority in Eastern Europe
        • I (L22) Represents Mesolithic Europid prominence in Scandinavia  
          • I (P109) Marker of a Europid expansion into Germany
          • I (L205) Marker of a Europid expansion into Atlantic Europe 
          • I (L287) Marker of a prominent Europid population emergence in Finland
            • I (L258) Accounts for the majority of I (M170) Europid males in Finland
              • I (L296) A younger lineage that represents a primary portion of I (M170) in Finland
          • I (L300) Marker of a less successful Europid expansion into Finland
          • I (L813) A southwestern expansion of Nordic Europids
        • I (Z58) This population reached Germany +5,000 years ago
          • I (Z59) This lineage is the most dominant lineage in I1 (M253) Northern Europids
            • I (Z60) a lineage that remained predominant in North Germany until the early Bronze age
              • I (Z140) Marker of Bronze age expansion out of North Germany
                • I (L338) Marker of historic expansion out of North Germany
              • I (Z73) This lineage marks a Bronze age back migration into Scandinavia
              • I (L573) probably a lineal population in Baltic Germany
              • I (L803) Marker of Bronze age Europids in Atlantic Germany
            • I (Z382) Marker of Neolithic Europids in North Germania
          • I (Z138) This population expanded out of Atlantic Germany
          • I (Z63) Marker of Mesolithic Europids in Germany & multi episodes of Secondary minor  expansions
      • I (Z131) Remnants of a reduced Paleolithic Europid population that emerged in Western Europe
    • I (L68) Represents an early expansion Europids into Paleolithic Southern Europe
      • I (L460) This lineage accounts for the majority of I2 (L68) Southern Europids
        • I (P37.2) Marker of Southern Europid expansion out of Alpine Europe
          • I (L158) Predominant lineage in Sardinia, the remains of SW European population 
            • I (L160) This population emerged from the L158 population that reached the Bay of Biscay
              • I (M161) A very small minority in Puerto Rico
          • I (L178) This population expanded between the Atlantic & the Vistula River in the Neolithic
            • I (M359.2) Marks the Bronze age Southwards expansion down the Vistula Valley
            • I (L161.1) This lineage is the surviving minority of the Western I2a1b (L178) population
          • I (L233) Emerged out of I2a1 populations that moved to the North Germany
        • I (L35) The Southern Europids of Germany that managed to survive the Eurasid intrusion & expand with it 
          • I (L34) Expanded out of Germany in Neolithic to the East & West
      • I (L415) The remains of a once important lineage, that was largely reduced by I2a2 (M285) & Eurasid invasions
      • I (L596) Emerged in the Rhineland, was largely reduced by I2a2 (M285) & Eurasid invasions