World Y-DNA frequencies

Neohumanid mutative history

Y- Population tree

DNA studies

  • J (M304)  Paleolithic marker of human expansion out of the Arabian Plate
    • J (M304*)  The majority of this cluster is represented by lineal populations in the island of Socotra in Yemen
    • J (M267)  Marker of Paleolithic expansion out of South Anatolia
      • J (M365.1) A widely dispersed small population with a Paleolithic history in Anatolia & a modern distribution in the Iranian Plateau, Europe & Latin America
      • J (L136)  A southern moving population that begun expanding along the West banks of the Euphrates in the Paleolithic 
        • J (P56)  This population experienced a Mesolithic expansion in the Levant & later expansions into Anatolia, Arabia & East Africa 
        • J (P58)  Proto-Semitic marker, The most prominent lineage in (M267) expanded out of the Levant in the Mesolithic
          • J (L92)  The Eastern branch of the (P58) that reached South Arabia in the Neolithic
          • J (L147.1)  Diagnostic Marker of Semitic expansion out of Arabia, accounting for +90% of J1
            • J (L147*)  Accounts for +90% of (P58) in Yemen, Cohens & Ethiopia
            • J (L222.2) Accounts for the majority of (L147.1) in Saudi, Sudan & a primary element in North Africa.  Seems to be an exclusively Adnani marker
    • J (M172)  Marker of Paleolithic expansion out of Mesopotamia
      • J (M410) Marker of Paleolithic expansion out of Mesopotamia 
        • J (L581) Remained in Mesopotamia through the Paleolithic experienced later expansion in the Neolithic agricultural revolution 
          • J (L581*)  A minority lineage in Mesopotamia, Anatolia, experienced another expansion in the ancient Greek World 
          • J (P279) An Anatolian branch that expanded into the Caucasus 
            • J (M340) An Anatolian population that remained in Anatolia since the Neolithic
        • J (L26) Marker of Paleolithic expansion in Mesopotamia.  The most predominant lineage in (M172) 
          • J (M47) This lineage expanded East of Mesopotamia, with modern minor distribution in the Anatolian-Iranian Plateau
          • J (M67)  Expanded West of the Euphrates valley, with moderate distribution in Anatolia, Caucasus, East Mediterranean & the Ancient Greek world
            • J (M92) The most important population in (M67)
          • J (M68) This population has an Eastern distribution, represents a very small minority
          • J (M319) An Eastern Anatolian population that expanded to Europe in the Neolithic & expanded in the ancient Greek world in the historic age   
          • J (L24) This lineage accounts for half of the (L26) population
            • J  (L192.2)  Marker of a Neolithic emergence in the Northern Tigris Valley
              • J (L271)  Low frequency lineage found in Msaken, Tunisia
              • J (L534)  Low frequency lineage found in Kerala, India
            • J (L254)  Exclusive marker of the J2 Cohens
            • J (L243)  Marker of a Neolithic population that favored the Indo-European expansion 
            • J  (DYS445≤7)  Marker of Neolithic expansion out of the Anatolia
              • J (L70)  This population expanded in Europe, modern Pan-European minor frequency
                • J  (M318) Minor lineage found in Malta
          • J (L198) Low frequency lineage expanded in the lower Euphrates Valley
      • J (M12)  It remains unclear where this population lived in the Paleolithic age, upstream lineages of (M12) are found in Anatolia, Arabia, Europe & India
        • J (M205) This population shares a similar distribution to (M241), except with a smaller frequency
        • J (M241) This lineage accounts for the majority of (M12)
          • J (L283) This marker emerged in the Balkans in the Neolithic & has a Pan-European low frequency distribution