World Y-DNA frequencies

Y- Population tree

Neohumanid mutative history

  • Y0 (private) Neohumanid ulterior lineage that autosomally assimilated into the AMH genepool 900kya (±700kya) TMRCA with AMH
  • Y1 (L1284) Neohumanid ulterior lineage that autosomally assimilated into the AMH genepool 900kya (±700kya) TMRCA with AMH
  • A (L 1085) Common ancestor of Anatomically Modern Humans 170kya (±30kya)
    • A0 (L991) Differentiated 150kya(±30kya)represented at least 3 distantly related clusters.  Survived by less than 1 Million humans in Africa
    • A1 (P305) A steep split that distinguishes most humans, including the various Paleo African lineages from the A0 (L991) population
      • A1a (M31) A +100ky old mutation, represented by less than 1 Million humans surviving in West Africa
      • A1b (P108) Common ancestor of the absolute majority of modern humans
        • A1b1 (L419) This lineage accounts for more than 10 Million humans outside BT (M42)
          • A1b1a (V50) Emerged at +70kya this lineage survives as a minority in Namibia, substratum of click speakers
          • A1b1b (M32) This population was supreme in vast parts of Africa, prior to the E (M96) conquest of Africa
            • A1b1b1 (M28) survived by a very small minority in the HOA, displaced by E (M96) 
            • A1b1b2 (M144) This +60ky old lineages remained dominant in large parts of Subsaharan Africa until the Mesolithic
              • A1b1b2a (M51)  displaced A1b1a (V50) in the Mesolithic
              • A1b1b2b (M13) Lineal Africans in Nilotic South Sudan 
        • A1b2 (M91) Common ancestor of +99% of modern humans
          • B (M60) The signature of the A1b2 (M91) population that remained in Africa
            • B1 (M236) This population started moving west, possibly attracted by the presence of A0 (V148)
              • B1a (M146) This population was all but wiped out during the E (M96) episodes of violence in Western Africa
            • B2 (M182) +60kya shared & competed over Tropical Africa with other Paleo-Africans
              • B2a (M150) this population was well established all over East Africa until the E (M96) Expansion
              • B2b (M112) in Central Africa was separated from B2a by powerful A1b1 (L149) populations, living on their East
          • CT (M168) The out of Africa marker & common ancestor of ~98% of humanity
            • CF (P143) Common ancestor of ~78% of humanity, Out of Asia Marker
              • C (M130) About 3% of humans descend from this lineage most of them live in China, Korea & Central Asia
              • F (M89) emerged 50kya, accounts for the majority of humans in all continents but Africa
            • DE (M1) Spread along the coasts of South Asia
              • D (M174) populated the South Asian region to the West & South of the Himalayas foothills, survives in the Andaman isles, Tibet & Japan 
              • E (M96) This lineage is the most predominant in Africa today