World Y-DNA frequencies

Neohumanid mutative history

Y- Population tree

DNA studies

Haplogroup of the Y Chromosome of Napoleon the First

Lucotte et al. 2012

Abstract

This paper describes the finding of the determination of the Y-haplogroup of French Emperor Napoleon I (Napoleon Bonaparte). DNA was extracted from two islands of follicular sheaths located at the basis of two of his beard hairs, conserved in the Vivant Denon reliquary. The Y-haplogroup of Napoléon I, determined by the study of 10 NRY-SNPs (non-recombinant Y-single nucleotide polymorphisms), is E1b1b-M34*. Charles Napoléon, the current collateral male descendant of Napoléon I, belongs to this same Y-haplogroup; his Y-STR profile was determined by using a set of 37 NRY-STRs.