Recent Spread of a Y-Chromosomal Lineage in Northern China and Mongolia

Xue et al. 2005

We have identified a Y-chromosomal lineage that is unusually frequent in northeastern China and Mongolia, in which a haplotype cluster defined by 15 Y short tandem repeats was carried by ~3.3% of the males sampled from East Asia. The most recent common ancestor of this lineage lived 590 340 years ago (mean SD), and it was detected in Mongolians and six Chinese minority populations. We suggest that the lineage was spread by Qing Dynasty (16441912) nobility, who were a privileged elite sharing patrilineal descent from Giocangga (died 1582), the grandfather of Manchu leader Nurhaci, and whose documented members formed ~0.4% of the minority population by the end of the dynasty.